68 Employment Opportunities at Tanzania Electric Supply Company Ltd (TANESCO) Mbeya, Njombe, Iringa, Rukwa and Songwe and Kibiti

68 Employment Opportunities at Tanzania Electric Supply Company Ltd (TANESCO) Mbeya, Njombe, Iringa, Rukwa and Songwe and Kibiti

March 30, 2019 Add Comment
Overview:
Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) is implementing its strategies to increase access and connectivity of its energy services and products for Tanzanians to support the government’s industrialization agenda. The company is currently expanding its business by investing heavily in generation, transmission and distribution network.

In line with this, TANESCO now invites applicants who are self-motivated, honest, hardworking and committed individuals to fill the positions under Specified Period Employment terms of Twelve Months Period (12) at Mbeya, Njombe, Iringa, Rukwa and Songwe regions.
Read full jobs details below:

35 Job opportunities at TANESCO Kibiti district -


Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) is implementing its strategies to increase access and connectivity of its energy services and products for Tanzanians to support the government’s industrialization agenda. The company is currently expanding its business by investing heavily in generation, transmission and distribution network. In line with this, TANESCO now invites applicants who are self-motivated, honest, hardworking and committed individuals to fill the positions under Specified Period Employment terms of Twelve Months Period (12) at KIBITI DISTRICT OFFICE, COAST REGION.
SPECIFIC ATTRIBUTES FOR THE POSITIONS TO BE FILLED:
All Candidates must:
 Demonstrate impeccable performance track record;
 Demonstrate highest degree of integrity, credibility, and character;
 Possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills;
 Be capable of working with minimal supervision;
 Be capable of delivering excellent results while working under pressure with tight deadlines;
 Possess knowledge and competency in related field;
 Good customer care;
Electrical Technician: 3 Posts
Report to: Electrical Engineer
POSITION OBJECTIVE
To ensure that all scheduled activities related to construction and maintenance of electrical distribution systems are carried out effectively and efficiently in order to ensure that customers are receiving reliable power supply.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Constructs and maintains distribution lines network in accordance with the company procedures and standards.
• Assists in preparing short & long term plans construction/maintenance schedules for expansion of distribution network.• Monitors load growth on secondary sub-station through periodic measurement.
• Conducts routine inspection of distribution lines to determine and prevents possible faults and eliminate unplanned power outages.
• Provides technical support to Foremen such that all construction and maintenance works are conveniently done in accordance with company’s standards and instructions.
• Prepares weekly, monthly and annually report for record keeping, future references and submit to mains engineer within agreed timelines.
• Maintains and repairs electrical systems, do performance maintenance of electrical systems.
• Carries out diagnostic analysis to determine causes of electrical or mechanical malfunction or failure of operational equipment and performs preventative and corrective maintenance.
• Plans, directs, and records periodic electrical testing, and recommends or initiates modification or replacement of equipment which fails to meet acceptable operating standards.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Holder of Ordinary Diploma in Electrical Engineering from recognized learning Institutions plus Certificate of Secondary education (Form Four or/and Form Six)
• At least 1 year of relevant working experience
• Must be a Computer literate.
==========
Artisan (Linesman): 20 Posts
Report to: Foreman
POSITION OBJECTIVE
Responsible for proper construction/maintenance of distribution lines in the district.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Constructs and maintains distribution lines network in accordance with the company to ensure customers are timely connected and according to the company standard, while observing safety of customers and properties.
• Carries out routine inspection and maintenance of power lines to ensure continuity of service, as well as quality and reliable power supply to customers.Connects power to the customers timely and according to the Company Standards and procedures so as to ensure customers’ safety to their lives and properties
• Attends temporarily breakdowns immediately without any delays so as to ensure customers have constant power supply
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Trade Test Grade I, II or III or its equivalent qualification in Electrical installation
• Certificate of Secondary Education (Form IV and/or VI)
• At least One year of relevant working experience.
=============
Accountant Trainee: 1 Post
Report to: District Accountant
POSITION OBJECTIVE
Responsible for financial and revenue matters by ensuring that collection, debt reduction targets and expenditure set by the company are achievable and adhering to the approved district budget.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Ensures safe custody of cash and daily banking activities in the Districts are done properly.
• Prepares and submits weekly, monthly, quarterly and annual returns from your department as per company’s procedures.
• Ensures safe custody of safe keys, cheque books, LPOs, and any other important financial documents.
• Closes works orders and prompt submission of certificates to Head office.• Process payments in accordance with the terms of payments and availability of funds
• Ensures that daily collection received from the cashier is banked on the next day, and banking documents are kept in safe custody.
• Ensures that Value added Tax (VAT) and withholding tax on goods and services rendered including city levy are properly deducted and remitted to the government and respective council on time.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Holder of Bachelor’s Degree in Accountancy, Finance or equivalent qualification from recognized higher learning Institutions.
• Certified Public Accountant (CPA Holder)
• Certificate of Secondary Education (Form Four or Six).
• Minimum of 1 year of relevant working experience in managing accounting functions.
============
Accounts Assistant: 3 Posts
Report to: Assistant Accountant
POSITION OBJECTIVE
Assisting District Accountant in performing all accounting activities in the district.
.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Prepares accurately, neatly all input data to ensure that report preparations are in time.
• Reports all accounting anomalies immediately to ensure that corrective measures are implemented in time.
• Prepares CRN, DRN, JVS and any other adjustments to ensure that all errors committed are removed.
• Attends customers in a good manner and acceptable language to ensure that no customer is complaining about his/her bills.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Holder of Ordinary Diploma in Accountancy, Finance or relevant qualification from recognized learning Institutions plus Certificate of Secondary Education (Form Four or Six).
• Minimum of 1 year of relevant working experience in managing finance functions.
============
Driver: 5 Posts
Report to: District Accountant
POSITION OBJECTIVE
Driving and maintaining the Company vehicles as per Company rules, traffic instructions and regulations.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Operates assigned vehicle in a safe and courteous manner to ensure safety of the vehicle and passengers.
• Adheres to Company Transport Policy, Rules and Procedures and maintaining discipline to road traffic laws, rules and signs.
• Records all routes in a log book in order to monitor fuel consumption.
• Keeps the assigned vehicle(s) clean inside and outside.
• Maintains accurate, up-to-date records on trip sheets, transportation forms, vehicle maintenance, incident reports, accident reports, fuel utilization, vehicle condition reports and other records that are requested by management.
• Performs minor maintenance tasks on assigned vehicle(s) as required.
• Coordinates the schedule for major or periodic vehicle maintenance with management.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Form IV and/or VI Secondary School Academic Certificates
• Trade Test Grade I or Level III in Automobile Engineering/Mechanics from recognized institutions
• Valid Driving License Class C/C1/C2/C3 and/or E;
• Driving Certificates from NIT & or VETA; and
• Minimum of two (2) years of related working experience.
===========
Customer Services Representative: 3 Posts
Report to: District Customer Relation Officer
POSITION OBJECTIVE
Assist District Customer Relations Officer in implementing marketing, customer services strategies and guidelines in the District.
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
• Attends customers and relay information to the recipient staff clearly, timely and perfectly for a solution to the Customers.
• Registers customer complaints in the special register and Service Delivery Management System.
• Provides products and services information to the Customers. It includes new and existing products and services.
• Ensures proper recording of time used to restore/repair/respond to customer complains/breakdowns.
• Relays information to Customers regarding planned outages and any other planned activity that may affect delivery of service in the respective District.
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
• Holder of Ordinary Diploma or Certificates in Marketing from recognized institutes plus Certificate of Secondary education (Four and/or Six).
• Must be Computer literate.
• At least 6 months of related working experience.
MODE OF APPLICATION
Applicants should send a written application giving full details of previous work life history, qualifications and include two work references.
Application letter should also indicate details of secondary school certificates such as candidate’s name, index number and year of examination appearing in the attached academic certificates.
Applications should be marked “Private and confidential” and addressed to:
SENIOR ZONAL MANAGER
DSM & COAST ZONE,
TANESCO – ILALA BUILDING,
4TH FLOOR,
SAMORA AVENUE,
P. O BOX 2233,
DAR ES SALAAM.
Application close date is 3th April 2019
8 New Job Vacancies at Tanzania Postal Bank (TPB Bank PLC)

8 New Job Vacancies at Tanzania Postal Bank (TPB Bank PLC)

March 30, 2019 Add Comment
MeTL Group is a leading economic force in Tanzania with major investments and successful operating companies in key business sectors. The Group employs more than 24,000 people across the country, in areas as diverse as trading, agriculture, manufacturing, energy and petroleum, financial services, mobile telephony, infrastructure and real estate, transport, logistics and distribution. MeTL Group began in the early 1970s as a small trading business with a big vision.
This vision, coupled with knowledge and skills derived over more than 40 years in business, has enabled the Group to grow exponentially into one of the largest businesses in Africa. Currently, MeTL Group's operations contribute 3.5% of the GDP of Tanzania. The Group plays a vital role in strengthening Tanzania's opportunities for growth and development in private industry-ensuring the country can reap the benefits of globalization.
JOB TITLE: Quality Control - SOAP
Deadline: 06th April, 2019
Job Description
Metl Company Group, East Coast Oil and Fats Ltd; Quality Control
QUALIFICATIONS
Degree in Chemistry/ chemical and processing with knowledge of oil and soap test
Skills required in Food
knowledge in computer literacy ie excel, word, power point
Experience five years in soap making
Fluently English speaking and Swahili
Maintain Quality parameters and standard according to TBS, TFDA
All product have to be tested and maintain the documents of all reports
Salary diploma 500,000/= gross and degree 700,000/= to 800,000/= gross

MODE OF APPLICATION
You can send your applications through recruitment@metl.net 

NOTE: Only Qualified candidates will be contacted , Metl Company group is equal opportunity employer and hence encourage special challenged and female candidates to apply.
Maintain quality parameters and standards.
Application Deadline 06th April, 2019
Employment Opportunities at Private Agricultural Sector Support Trust (PASS)

Employment Opportunities at Private Agricultural Sector Support Trust (PASS)

March 30, 2019 Add Comment
The Private Agricultural Sector Support Trust (PASS) was established as a project in year 2000 in order to stimulate investments and growth in private sector commercial agriculture through access to finance in Tanzania. In 2007, it was registered as an autonomous non-profit organization under the Trustees’ Incorporation Act of Tanzania, founded by Government of Denmark and Government of Tanzania.

PASS provides business development and financial services to small and medium agribusiness entrepreneurs through linkages to financial institutions. PASS aims to become a leader in the provision of financial and business development services in the agricultural sector in Tanzania and has to date established an impressive track record of success. PASS is headquartered in Dar es Salaam and has zonal offices in Mbeya, Morogoro, Arusha, Mtwara, Kigoma and Mwanza. For more information please visit www.pass.or.tz. PASS is looking to recruit highly motivated and dynamic individuals to join the Team in the following vacant position based in Dar es Salaam:
Position: Business Development Manager
The Business Development Manager reports to the Director of Business Development (DBD). S/he provides business leadership and is responsible for supporting business at the branch level including review the business proposal from branches, visiting potential agro-enterprises and liaising with business development department
Duties and Responsibilities
  1. Promoting the role of PASS Trust during the meetings with partner institutions, stakeholders, Potential clients etc., reaching them by distributing different promotional materials like handouts, posters etc.
  2. In close liaison with the DBD, plan the Business operation program for PASS in accordance with overall PASS strategy, annual business plan and ensure that key performance indicators are met or exceeded.
  3. Proactively build and maintain effective working relationship with all agricultural/agrobusiness stakeholders in all area of PASS operation to develop the visibility and growth for PASS business.
  4. Review business proposal received from branches, ensuring quality of business proposals presented to Business Development Director for recommendation and approval
  5. Ensure timely preparation and submission of all periodic reports to management, Board of Trustees and other stakeholders
  6. Follow up, support and liaise with PASS Branches to ensure effective business growth and efficient relationships with bank officers at branch level, establish new businesses, business plans preparations and efficient submission of business plans to banks.
  7. Assist the branches in identification of demand for assistance and support from target groups in accessing finance from banks. This will cover SME’s in Primary and Secondary agriculture including agro-processing.
  8. Ensure timely submission of various periodical operation reports, operational results as required for the monitoring and evaluation framework.
  9. Assist branches in design and establishment of feasible models of activities at the smallholder farmer’s levels, including diversification of crops, improvement of production practices etc.
  10. Making pre- evaluation of proposal presented for support, and assisting entrepreneurs in
  1. improving on proposals into business plans of acceptable standards.
  2. Making proposal for corporate clients in agribusiness looking for PASS Support to obtain credit facilities from collaborating banks.
  3. Identification and preparation of solution for solving bottlenecks in agricultural value chains e.g. production, market access, processing, appropriate mechanization etc.
  4. Assist agro -enterprises clients to obtain credit facilities from collaborating banks.
  5. Monitoring the performance of the clients in relation to respective business plans and budget.
  6. Planning, organizing and managing the Trust’s marketing events such as sponsorship/donation, new product launches, outlet opening, annual reports, press releases, announcing the Trust’s outreach and impact to community and other activities that the Trust supports to gain public attention through media.
  7. Performing other duties as assigned by management from time to time
Qualifications and Experience:
  1. A business development specialist with good knowledge /Experience in Tanzanian agriculture and agribusiness development, with maximum experience in 6 years in business planning, project analysis, evaluation and monitoring.
  2. A good academic background, minimum master’s degree in agricultural field, preferably in agricultural economics, business administration or any similar qualification backed up
    extensive experience in business analysis.
  3. Must demonstrate experience in credit guarantee schemes and other financial or nonfinancial business development services required to accelerate investments in small and medium scale farming and agro enterprises.
  4. Knowledge in agricultural financing and experience in facilitation of lending to smallholders including experience in negotiating with banks.
  5. Adequate experience in agricultural supply chain interventions for enhancement of small/medium scale agricultural development.
  6. Should have hands on experience in business planning and project appraisal; familiarity and use of tools for agricultural and investment projects analysis is essential.
How to Apply
PASS Trust is an equal opportunity employer and the position is open to all qualified candidates should submit a CV and cover letter explaining how the experience detailed CV in the will contribute to the requirements of the position. The CV and cover letter should be sent to pass@pass.or.tz . on or before 12th April, 2019. Unfortunately, due to the large volume of applications we receive, we will not be able to respond to each individual candidate. Women are strongly encouraged to apply. only shortlisted will be contacted.
34 New International Job Vacancies at African Development Bank Group (AfDB) | Deadline: 28th April, 2019

34 New International Job Vacancies at African Development Bank Group (AfDB) | Deadline: 28th April, 2019

March 30, 2019 Add Comment
-The first thing you will notice about the AfDB is the passion of its employees to help reduce poverty on the continent, improve living conditions for Africans and mobilize resources for the continent’s economic and social development. That is what drives us to seek motivated individuals who share this commitment to poverty reduction. Our network of leading experts in every field identifies women and men whose experience, knowledge, and talents contribute to improving the quality of life on the continent.
-AfDB staff work with governments across the continent, helping them in critical areas of development, from policy advice to the identification, preparation, appraisal and supervision of development projects. Our core areas of activities include, among others, infrastructure, private sector development, policy advice, gender equality, climate change and regional integration. The Bank Group is deeply committed to anti-corruption initiatives with a view to improving the continent’s investment climate. We are committed to diversity and strive to hire the best brains from across the globe. Our staff are diverse in many respects, including gender, nationality, race, culture, education and experience and fully represent our member countries. The AfDB offers a variety of roles suited to your goals, background and talents, providing opportunities to advance, grow and strike the right balance between work and life that is best for you. Current Vacancies: To apply for these positions, you need to be national of one of AfDB member countries. (Tanzania Inclusive). Check available job vacancies below: (Click Title to open job details and application)
SHARING IS CARING
Position title Posted Closing
Unified Communication Assistant - CHIS3 29/03/2019 28/04/2019
Health Care Administration Assistant (HCAA) 29/03/2019 28/04/2019
Senior Business Data Analyst - RDGS4 29/03/2019 28/04/2019
Youth & Employment Officer 29/03/2019 28/04/2019
Senior Loan Accounting Officer 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Principal Water Resources Economist 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Senior Accounts Assistant – Grant Section 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Principal Treasury Accountant 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Program Coordinator, Affirmative Finance Action For Women in Africa (AFAWA) 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Manager Business Development Budget & Results 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Senior Syndication Officer 28/03/2019 27/04/2019
Senior Financial Analyst 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Principal Terminologist 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Administrative & Finance Officer, COMA 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Division Manager, Gender and Women Empowerment 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Chief Co-Financing Officer 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Principal Commercial Credit Officer – Non-Sovereign Credit Risk 27/03/2019 26/04/2019
Chief Speechwriter to the President 26/03/2019 15/04/2019
Driver, CODZ 25/03/2019 24/04/2019
Principal Strategy and Policy Officer - Infrastructure and Private Sector 19/03/2019 18/04/2019
Director, Syndication and Financial Technical Services 18/03/2019 17/04/2019
Conference and Meetings Coordinator 11/03/2019 10/04/2019
Director - Compliance Review and Mediation Unit Department (CRMU/BCRM) 08/03/2019 07/04/2019
Regional Procurement Coordinator (Hub Coordinator Lusophone Countries) 06/03/2019 05/04/2019
Principal renewable energy investment specialist 01/03/2019 31/03/2019
Principal Green Mini-Grids Market Development Specialist 01/03/2019 31/03/2019
Senior Operations Specialist 01/03/2019 31/03/2019
Chief Renewable Energy Investment Specialist 01/03/2019 31/03/2019
Regional Procurement Coordinator, Central Region 01/03/2019 31/03/2019
ALN Secretariat Coordinator 19/03/2019 18/04/2019
Division Manager - Agriculture, Human and Social Development, Country and Corporate Evaluations 28/02/2019 30/03/2019
Division Manager - Power, Energy, Climate Change and Green Growth; Private Sector, Infrastructure and Industrialization; and Integration Evaluations 28/02/2019 30/03/2019
Director - Portfolio Delivery and Impact 28/02/2019 30/03/2019
Principal Procurement Officer 28/02/2019 30/03/2019
 
Most Common Interview Mistakes: Not Knowing Anything About the Company

Most Common Interview Mistakes: Not Knowing Anything About the Company

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
[ Tip #16] Most Common Interview Mistakes: Not Knowing Anything About the Company
A lot of job seekers fail the “What do you know about this company?” job interview question. Failing this question is a very, very big interview fail. This interview question, designed to find out how much company research you have conducted. If you fail to have a good answer to this question, the interview is effectively over. They are not interested in you if you are not interested in them.

Researching the employer is a very smart thing to do for a number of reasons. The research will help you answer this question. Examine the employer's website: About Us, Mission, Products (or Services), People, etc. You need to have a basic understanding of the following things:
- What sort of company is this? Is it a large corporation, a start-up, a well-established mid-size company, etc.?
- What products or services does the company, provide, and who are their clients?
- What are the company’s goals, and what is their overall mission?
- How many offices do they have, and how many employees do they have?
Job Opportunity at Igunga Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (IGUWASA)

Job Opportunity at Igunga Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (IGUWASA)

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
1.0. Position Title: ACCOUNTANT (1 POST)
Duty Station: Igunga District
Education/ Professional Qualification
Holder of Bachelor Degree in Accounting, Finance, Commerce/ Business Administration majoring in Accountant or equivalent qualification from recognized institutions plus knowledge in ICT/ Computer applications including MS- Office and Accounting Packages, with working experience of at least three (3) years in related field
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:
The holder of this position shall perform the following duties:
  • Receiving properly and accounting for all the cash from water and sewerage customers.
  • Ensuring safe custody of all money received under lock and key and banking intact such money, daily.
  • Keeping under safe custody all Accountable documents and their related registers and ensure that buffer stock is maintained daily.
  • Receiving properly and accounting for all duty authorized requests/ invoices for payment and registering them accordingly.
  • Preparing cheques for all payments to suppliers and employees.
  • Maintaining the petty cash imprest accurately and up to date.
  • Reconciliation of actual amount of petty cash paid with petty cash vouchers and totals of petty cash book.
  • Writing of cheques for payment to suppliers and employees after ensuring that he payments vouchers and supporting documents have been duly authorized.
  • Ensuring that cheques are properly signed by authorized officers and dispatching them to payees, such as, suppliers, employees, TRA etc.
  • Making of salaries and wages payments according to approved payroll.
  • Maintaining of cheques payments register batching of payment vouchers and serially numbering them month wise.
  • Maintaining of petty cash ledgers, petty cash vouchers and the stamp duty register.
  • Any other duties he/she may be assigned by Employer.
REMUNERATION
In accordance to Government salary scales.
MODE OF APPLICATION
Own handwritten application with comprehensive typed curriculum vitae, accompanied with certified copies of relevant academic Certificate and addresses of three referees to be sent to:-
MANAGING DIRECTOR,

IGUNGA URBAN WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION AUTHORTY,

P. 0. BOX 9
IGUNGA
TEL: 026-2650328
So as to reach this office not later than 15th April.2019
IMPORTANT
Applicants should not exceed 45 Years of age and women are mostly advised to apply this position.
Important Thing To Know - What to take in Interview Hall

Important Thing To Know - What to take in Interview Hall

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
Important Thing To Know - What to take in Interview Hall | Job Interview Tips
These are the essential things you need to take in an interview hall;
-a bottle of water
-a pen and notepad
photo ID (e.g. your passport or driving licence)
-the job description and person specification
-your academic certificates and work examples
-your CV, application form and interview invitation.
55 Taxation Interview Questions and Answers

55 Taxation Interview Questions and Answers

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
55 Taxation Interview Questions and Answers | Job Interview Tips
Dear Readers, Welcome to Taxation Interview questions with answers and explanation. These 55 solved Taxation questions will help you prepare for personal interviews and online selection tests during campus placement for freshers and job interviews for professionals.
After reading these tricky Taxation questions, you can easily attempt the objective type and multiple choice type questions on this topic.
They will be useful for entry level and experienced MBA, Finance, Taxation, CA, ICWA etc. professionals
What is income tax? How is it calculated?
Income tax is an annual tax charged on income of a person by the government. It is charged for the corresponding assessment year at the rates laid down by the Finance Act for the assessment year in respect of the previous year.Income of the person is categorized under the following five heads
  • Salaries
  • Income from house property
  • Profits and gains of business or profession
  • Capital gains
  • Income from other sources.
Income is calculated under these heads separately and accordingly tax is calculated using the income tax slab issued by the government every financial year.

Define Assessment Year.
Assessment year is the period that starts from 1 April and ends on 31 march. It is the year immediately succeeding the financial year wherein the income of the previous financial year is assessed. Government use assessment year for calculating tax on the previous year.
For example : If the current assessment year is 2015-16, which starts from I April 2015 and ends on 31 March 2016. To this assessment year financial year is 2014-15, starting from I April 2014 and ends on 31 March 2015. You will be calculating income tax for financial year in the assessment year.

Define Previous Year.
Previous Year is the year in which the income earned becomes taxable in the following assessment year. It can be stated as the Financial year preceding the Assessment year. For example- If the present assessment year is 2015-16 then the previous year will be 2014-2015.

Define financial year?
A twelve month period starting from 1 April and ending at 31 March which is used for calculating various annual financial statements in businesses and organization is known as financial year.

Differentiate between Financial Year, Assessment Year and Previous Year?
Assessment year and previous year are the types of financial year which consists of twelve months starting from 1 April to 31 March. Previous financial year is the preceding year of assessment financial year.
Define the term person?
A “person” means an individual, an ordinary partnership, a non-juristic body of person and an undivided estate. The term "person" under the Income Tax Act includes an individual, a Hindu Undivided Family, a Company, a Firm, an Association of Persons, a Local Authority and Artificial Juridical persons.

Who is an assessee?
An "Assessee" is a person who is liable to pay tax or any other sum of money under the Act.
It includes
1. Every person in respect of whom any proceeding under this Act has been taken for the assessment of his income or of the income of any other person in respect of whom he is assessable, or of the loss sustained by him or by such other person, or of the amount of refund due to him or to such other person;
2. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee under any provision of this Act;
3. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee in default under any provision of this Act.

What do you understand by total income?
Total Income is the amount on which the Income Tax is paid. Total income include all income that accrue, arise, earned or received in India (except those income which accrues or arises outside India). Total Income is the total amount earned by an individual or organization, including income from employment or providing services, revenue from sales, payments from pension plans, income from dividends, or other sources. Total income is generally calculated for the assessment of taxes, evaluating the net worth of a company, or determining an individual or organization's ability to make payments on a debt.
How many heads are there under total income? Name them.
There are five heads under total income. They are
  • Income from Salaries
  • Income from house property
  • Profits and gains of business or profession
  • Capital gains
  • Income from other sources
  • At what rate firms are required to pay tax on their income?
    Income Tax is paid at 30% of taxable income. Surcharge is charged at 10% of the Income Tax, where taxable income is more than Rs. 1 crore. (Marginal Relief in Surcharge, if applicable) and Education Cess is 3% of the total of Income Tax and Surcharge.

    How will you decide the residential status of an individual?
    As per the provisions of Income Tax Act residential status of an individual is categorized as Resident and Non Resident.
    Under Section 6(1), an individual is said to be resident in India in any previous year if he satisfies any one of the following basic conditions:
    1. He is in India in the previous year for a period of at least 182 days.
    2. He is in India for a period of at least 60 days during the relevant previous year and at least 365 days during the four years preceding that previous year.
    The above provisions are applicable only to those who are residents of India irrespective of their nationality otherwise they are included in Non resident.

    Does the tax liability of an individual get affected due to his residential status? If yes, explain.
    Yes, tax liability of an individual does gets affected due to his residential status as per Section % of the Income Tax Act 1961 and is also dependent on place and time of accrual or receipt of income. You must understand the difference between Indian income and Foreign income as Indian income is always taxable in India in accordance with the residential status of the taxpayer.
    Indian income is categorized as
    1. Income received or deemed to be received in India during previous year and simultaneously accrual income or deemed accrual in India during previous year.
    2. Income received or deemed to be received in India during the previous year but it accrues outside India during the previous year, or Income received outside India during the previous year but accrues in India during the previous year.

    What are the basic and additional conditions for Resident and ordinarily resident (ROR)?
    The basic conditions for being resident and ordinarily resident is the same condition that satisfies the residential status of an individual and additional conditions for Resident and ordinarily resident in India in a given previous year are mentioned below:
    1. If you are resident in India in at least 9 out of 10 previous years as per the basic conditions that satisfies the residential status of an individual preceding the relevant previous year.
    2. If you are in India for a period of at least 730 days during 7 years preceding the relevant previous year.
    3. An individual or HUF becomes ROR in India if the individual fulfills at least one of the basic conditions that satisfies the residential status of an individual both the additional conditions.

    Who are resident but not ordinary resident?
    A resident but not ordinary resident is the one who is not the resident in India for 9 out of the 10 preceding previous years or he has during the 7 preceding years been in India for a period of, or period amounting to 729 days or less.

    Who are non resident?
    An individual who does not fulfill the below mentioned conditions in that previous year will be considered as Non Resident:
    1. You have to be in India atleast 182 days in that year, OR
    2. You have to atleast be in India for 365 days during 4 years preceding that year and atleast 60 days in that year.

    Which income is considered as accrued income?
    Income which has been earned but not yet received is known as accrued income. Income is recorded in the same accounting period in which it is earned rather than in the subsequent period in which it will be received.

    What is FBT?
    1. FBT stands for Fringe Benefit Tax which is a tax that an employer has to pay in respect of the benefits that are given to his/her employees.
    2. Fringe benefits is something that an employer provides to his employees in addition to the cash salary. FBT is payable in lieu of the value of fringe benefits provided or deemed to have been provided by an employer to his employees during the previous year.

    What is tax audit?
    A tax audit is assessment of an organization's or individual's tax return by Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in order to find out that the income and deductions are recorded accurately.

    What is Tax refund?
    The excess tax paid by an individual than the actual owed is returned by the government which is known as tax refund. After taking into consideration income tax, withholdings, tax deductions or credits and other factors; you file income tax for the year, after that you will receive a tax refund.

    What is capital gain? Explain long term capital gains and how is it different from short term capital gains?
    1. Capital gains' means the profit earned from the sale of an asset. When the Capital Asset is being sold or transferred, the profit or gains arising out of it or you can term that as the difference between the actual price at which the asset was acquired and the price at which it is sold or transferred.
    2. A long-term capital gain is the profit that arises with the sale of an asset that has been on hold for a definite period. This period ranges from one year to three years across different asset classes.
    3. It is different from short term capital gains because short term capitals are kept for short period only that is less than a years.

    What is deferred tax?
    A tax liability that a company has to pay but does not pay at that current point and it will be responsible for paying it in future is termed a deferred tax. Deferred tax occurs due to the difference in a company's balance sheet, due to the differences between accounting practices and tax regulations.

    What is working capital?
    Working capital is the difference between a company's current assets and its current liabilities. Working Capital is used into day to day operations of any business.
    WC= CA-CL

    What is Taxation?
    Taxation is one of the mode used by the government to finance their expenditure by imposing charges on citizens and corporate entities. Government levy tax on citizens to encourage or discourage certain economic decisions.

    What is alternative minimum tax (AMT)?
    The Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) is a way to restrict wealthy taxpayers from tax evasion. AMT uses a separate set of rules to calculate taxable income after allowed deductions. This is generally for higher income group as AMT sets a limit on certain benefits that reduces a taxpayer's regular tax amount. As a result, if the benefits on tax reduce total tax below AMT limit, taxpayer has to pay the higher AMT amount.

    How can a taxpayer get a refund for an overpayment of taxes?
    There is a provision in India to get a refund for an overpayment of taxes along with interest. When you have to claim a refund you need to file the income tax return within a specified period. You can even track your refund status from the NSDL-TIN website by clicking in Status of Tax refunds and can track your refund by entering PAN and Assessment year for which the refund is to be claimed.

    What are the Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement?
    The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement was introduced in 1999 by the National Governor’s Association (NGA) and the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) in order to simplify the collection of sales tax as sales tax is second largest source of state revenue after personal income taxes. It resulted in decveloping a simpler and business friendly sales tax system.
    The Agreement decreases costs and administrative burdens of sales tax collection on retailers, especially those operating in multiple states.

    Explain deferred tax asset?
    When a firm has overpaid on taxes then the amount is recorded in the balance sheet as deferred asset tax which is also known as provision for future taxation. Deferred tax asset arises when the firm, pays taxes early or have paid excess of tax and is entitled to get some money back from the tax authorities.

    Define deferred tax Liability? What items come under deferred tax liability?
    A tax liability that a company owes and does not pay at that current point, although it will be responsible for paying it at some point in the future. Deferred tax liability (DTL) is a balance sheet item that accounts for the temporary difference between taxes that will come due in the future and taxes paid today.
    The unrealized tax that is put into account comes under deferred tax liability. Depreciation is the main source or the type of an item of deferred tax liability.

    Define Amortization & Impairment?
    When the assets of the company are written off over a number of years for the purpose of their replacement or renewal and not depending on the life of asset is termed as amortization. It is different from depreciation, which is periodic writing off of the asset based on its normal life expectancy.
    Impairment can be termed as the fall in the value of the asset due to any physical damage to the asset, obsolescence, or due to technological innovation. Impairments can be written off. Simply you can say that impairment is the difference between the fair value and the carrying value of an asset.

    What is Inter Company Reconciliation?
    Every year commonly controlled company prepares a combined or consolidated financial statement for tax and reporting purposes. Inter Company Reconciliation (ICR) is the process that helps parent company to split from its subsidiaries companies by location. Each year, commonly controlled business must prepare a combined or consolidated financial statement for tax and reporting purposes. The inter company accounting process is an important process for parent companies with subsidiaries or companies split by location. ICR helps in avoiding double counting of transactions as it also helps in maintaining accurate reports. Even it helps the companies to avoid misrepresentation of a firm's financial position.

    What is the Securities Transaction Tax?
    1. Securities Transaction Tax (STT) was introduced in India at time of 2004 budget and is applicable from 1 October 2004. STT is the tax which is payable on the amount of taxable securities transaction.
    2. STT is just levied on purchase and sale of those securities that are listed on the Indian Stock Exchanges.
    3. Securities Transaction Tax was introduced by the Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram to restrict people from evading tax on capital gains.

    What is Permanent Account Number (PAN)?
    Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, which is issued by the Income Tax Department in the form of laminated card as PAN enables the department to link all kinds of transactions of the person with the department. Transactions include tax payments, TDS/TCS credits, returns of income/wealth/gift/FBT, specified transactions, correspondence, etc. PAN helps the department in maintaining a fair record of every persons transactions through a ten digit number in order to avoid tax evasion in any case.

    What is the difference between profit and gain?
    Profit is the amount that is left after deducting expenses from revenue that makes the receipt of revenue possible. There are two streams of earnings that is direct earnings and indirect earnings. Direct earnings are incurred from main activities and indirect earnings are incurred from other activities so the profits is calculated as gross profit and net profit.
    Gross profit is the amount of revenue from which trading expenses has been deducted (expenses related to main activities of the business). Net profit is the amount of revenue that includes incomes from other activities.
    Gain is the amount that is earned on selling assets which is not included in the inventory of the business. This sales activity is not the actual trading and these sales does not includes goods that are sold on regular basis.

    What items fall under the category of ‘securities’?
    'Securities' are defined under Section 2(h) of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (SCRA) to include:
    1. Shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate derivatives.
    2. Units or any other instrument issued by any collective investment scheme to the investors in such schemes.
    3. Security receipt as defined in Section 2(zg) of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002.
    4. Such other instruments as declared by the central government and Rights or interest in securities.
    5. Equity-oriented mutual funds (not debt-oriented mutual funds).

    When Deferred Tax Asset & Deferred tax liability arises?
    Deferred tax asset arises when the expenses are recorded in the income statement before they are required to be recognized by the taxing authority. Also when revenue is being taxed before it is taxable in the income statement.
    Deferred tax liability arises from different depreciation methods being used for tax as depreciable assets are reported as non current.

    What is the difference between Fund flow vs. Cash Flow?
    Fund Flow
    1. Fund flow is based on working capital.
    2. Fund flows tells about the various sources from where the funds are generated.
    3. Fund flow is useful for understanding long term financial strategy.
    4. Changes in current assets and current liabilities are shown through the schedule of changes in working capital. 

    Cash Flow
    1. Cash flow is based on only one element of working capital that is cash.
    2. Cash flow starts with the opening balance of cash and closes with the closing balance of cash.
    3. Cash flow is useful for understanding short term strategies that affects liquidity of the business.
    4. Changes in current assets and current liabilities are shown in the cash flow.

    If a NRI buys property in India, does he has to pay property tax?
    Any income or capital gain that the NRI generates from the sale/ rent or lease of a valued property or an asset based in India will be taxed as per the Income Tax rules. f the property is more than 3 years old, long term capital gains tax will be incurred on the sale of the property. On long term capital gains, tax is payable at 20%.

    Can a person fill a NRI in an Income tax form if he has been out of India for six months though he is Indian citizen?
    He can fill NRI in an Income tax form only if he does not satisfy any of these two conditions:
    1. He is in India in the previous year for a period of 182 days or more or
    2. He is in India for a period of 60 days or more during the previous year and 365 days or more during the four years immediately preceding the previous year.

    What is the difference between the excise duty and the sales tax?
    Excise Duty is an indirect tax imposed on goods that are manufactured and produced within the country. This is paid by the manufacturer on the finished good when it goes out of the factory. Excise Duty is levied on all goods, except certain goods that are exempted. There are three types of Central Excise duties collected in India namely: Basic Excise Duty, Additional Duty of Excise, Special Excise Duty.
    Sales Tax is imposed on the finished product which is paid by the consumer. Sales tax is imposed on sale or purchase within the State. Different states levy different levels of sales tax, while there is a Central Sales Tax levied on sale or purchase in the course of interstate trade.

    What do you mean by fair rent?
    Fair rent is the rent charged for a private property that is fixed and registered by a rent officer. Fair rent is decided on the basis of size, condition, and usefulness of the property. Fair rent is calculated in place of mortgage interest, other financing costs and depreciation related to certain property, including land, buildings and non movable equipment. It is calculated only once; at the time the facility begins operation.

    Explain the procedure to calculate Provident Fund, ESI, VAT and Sales Tax.
    Provident Fund: Provident fund is calculated at 12% on the basic salary which is deducted from employee's salary plus 12% on the basic is contributed by the employer. So, the aggregate 12% + 12 % is remitted to the Provident Fund Department.
    ESI: Stands for Employee State Insurance and is calculated at 1.75% on the gross salary of the employees whose salary is below Rs. 10000 per month and employer contributes 4.75% on the gross salary of the employee and aggregate 1.75% + 4.75% is remitted to the ESI Department
    VAT: VAT percentage is 1, 4, 12.5%. It is a tax which is charged on the basic value of the product by the seller from the buyer and the same is remitted to the Sales Tax Department.
    Sales tax: Same as VAT

    What is Excise & Service Tax? What is the difference?
    Excise tax is an indirect tax that is imposed on the manufacture, sale or use on certain types of goods and products. Excise taxes are generally imposed on goods such as cigarettes or alcohol, also in the price of an activity such as gambling. Excise taxes may be imposed by both Federal and state authorities.
    Service tax is an indirect tax imposed by the government on service providers on certain service transactions, but is actually paid by the customers. Services provided by air-conditioned restaurants and short term accommodation provided by hotels, inns, etc are included in the taxable services.
    The major difference between excise tax and service tax is that excise tax is charged on manufactured goods and sales tax is imposed on certain services provided.

    What is luxury tax?
    A tax imposed on goods and services that are non-essential or not included in the necessities. Luxury tax is included in the indirect tax and is incurred by those who purchase or use the product. Ad valorem tax or progressive tax are some luxury tax that is imposed on high priced goods such as cars above a certain value or engine size, villas etc.

    What do you mean by Commercial Tax?
    Commercial Tax is a tax imposed on the scheduled Commercial goods as indirectly collected by the seller or purchaser against his business transaction which now comprises of Sales Tax, Entertainment, Luxury Tax, Entry Tax and Profession Tax.

    What are the deductions under Salary Head? Name the items.
    Deductions that are made under salary head are Entertainment allowance and Professional tax.
    Entertainment Allowance- Entertainment allowance received is already included in the income of the employee and then a deduction is made only for government employees. A sum equal to 1/5th of salary (excluding all allowances, benefits and other perquisites) or Rs. 5,000, whichever is less is being deducted.
    Professional Tax- Professional Tax is imposed by the government on employment by whatever name called, under Article 80C 276 of the Constitution and shall be allowed as a deduction. [Sec. 16(iii)]

    What is Entertainment Tax?
    Entertainment tax is imposed on every financial transaction that is related to entertainment such as movie tickets, major commercial shows and big private festivals, amusement parks, video games, exhibitions, celebrity stage shows, sports activities etc.
    As per the Indian Constitution, entertainment is included in List 2. Revenue collected from entertainment tax is reserved primarily for the state governments.

    What is form c & d in sales tax?
    Form C
    The sales tax on inter-state sale is 4% or the applicable sales tax rate for sale within the State whichever is lower if the sale is to a dealer registered under CST and the goods are covered in the registration certificate of the purchasing dealer. The purchasing dealer is eligible to get these goods at concessional rate if a declaration in C form is submitted to the selling dealer. 

    Form D
    Sale to government is taxable 4% or applicable sales tax rate for sale within the State whichever is lower. This concession on CST is applicable if Form D is issued by the government department which purchases the goods.

    What is excise duty?
    Central Excise duty is an indirect tax levied on those goods which are manufactured in India and are meant for home consumption. The taxable event is 'manufacture' and the liability of central excise duty arises as soon as the goods are manufactured. It is a tax on manufacturing, which is paid by a manufacturer, who passes its incidence on to the customers.

    What do you understand by transfer income?
    Transfer of Income means when someone retains the ownership of an asset but makes an agreement to transfer its income, but still the income is considered as your income and it will be added to the total income.

    What are the types of Provident funds?
    Below listed are the 4 types of provident funds
    Recognized Provident Fund (RPF)- RPF schemes must be approved by The Commissioner of Income Tax and pplicable to an organization which employs 20 or more employees.
    Unrecognized Provident Fund (URPF)- URPF are not approved by The Commissioner of Income Tax and is started by employer and employees in an establishment.
    Statutory Provident Fund (SPF)- This Fund is mainly meant for Government/University/Educational Institutes (affiliated to university) employees.
    Public Provident Fund (PPF)- PPF involves minimum contribution of Rs.500 per annum and the maximum contribution is Rs. 100,000 per annum. The contribution made along with interest earned is repayable after 15 years, unless extended.

    How will you calculate House Rent Allowance (HRA)? 
    Minimum of following three amounts is available as HRA exemption:
    1. Actual House Rent Allowance provided by employer to employee.
    2. House Rent paid in excess of 10% of Salary.
    3. 50% of Salary in case House is located in Metro cities (Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai) or 40% in case of any other cities.
    For all three conditions mentioned above relevant period is very important. Means if there is any change in Salary, HRA paid to employee, location of rented house and actual rent paid by employee HRA need to calculate from that relevant change Hence one should avoid calculating HRA on annual basis if there is any change in above factors.
    Meaning of Salary for calculating HRA (Basic Salary + Dearness allowance if terms of employment so provide + fixed percentage of turnover achieved by employee)

    What are allowable and dis-allowable expenditure?
    Allowable expenditure
    1. the cost of goods bought for the business
    2. the prime costs of running a business asset
    3. wages and salaries of employees
    4. heat, light and cleaning of business premises
    5. repairs to and maintenance of business premises
    6. postage and stationery
    7. business telephone and rental
    8. bank charges and interest on business loans and overdrafts
    9. travel and entertaining if the sole purpose is to retain or acquire business
    10. legal costs of defending business rights and renewing leases of less than 50 years duration
    11. bad debts and specific doubtful debts
    12. protective clothes necessary for the business 

    Dis allowable expenditure
    1. private expenditure
    2. clothes bought for ordinary everyday wear
    3. acquisition and depreciation of business assets
    4. your own wages or salary
    5. your business partner's wages or salary
    6. payments to charities
    7. travel expenses between your home and place of business
    8. a general (non-specific) provision against doubtful debts
    9. legal costs of acquiring land and buildings
    10. fines for breaking the law
    11. your own life, accident or sickness assurance
    12. costs of alterations, additions or improvements to business premises 

    What do you understand by dissolution of firm?
    Dissolution of firm means assets of firm are realized and liabilities are paid off and the surplus, if any is distributed among the partners according to their right. It is to be noted that ‘dissolution of Firm’ involves dissolution of partnership but dissolution of partnership may not lead to dissolution of firm
 
How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips

How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips
All species communicate with body language, and as humans we developed this communication skill before speech.
Everyone constantly gathers information from visual clues in all interactions, both consciously and unconsciously.
When a person's body language agrees with their spoken word, we believe what is being said.
Body Language vs. Spoken Words = Misgivings When the body language doesn’t match what is being said… questions are raised.
Misgivings unconsciously sent during a job interview can keep a candidate from making the final cut. The interviewer may or may not be aware of what is causing his or her concerns, but you should recognize that the messages your body sends have real impact on your candidacy.
Because job interviews are naturally stressful, it’s smart to be a master of good body language and be able to manage any negative body language a stressful situation might induce.
Let’s focus on a handful of positive body language signals that reinforce one another and then address some movements you’ll want to avoid.
First Impressions Are Critical
The impression you create in the first few minutes of meeting someone is the most lasting.
Have Good Posture
In interviews, the interviewer often does most of the talking in those first minutes, so, it’s up to your body language to help make a good first impression:
  • Stand Tall
    Stand tall, with good posture, and walk slowly as you enter the room.
  • Give a Friendly Greeting
    On greeting your interviewer, make eye contact, smile and mimic the interviewer’s lead as you respond to greeting and handshake -- same response to greeting, same hand pressure, etc.
  • Sit Upright
    As you sit, get your butt well back in the chair. This allows the chair back to help you sit upright, and stops you slouching. The slight forward tilt the chair gives your body makes a more alert and attentive impression. Build on this by unbuttoning your jacket as you sit down (“I have nothing to hide.”).
  • Maintain Good Eye Contact
    • Keep your head up and maintain eye contact a good portion of the time, especially when the interviewer is speaking and when you reply. This means nearly all the time, but, since constant eye contact is seen as staring and aggressive, triangulate between eyes, mouth, and chin. It is especially important to keep your focus above the shoulder line.
    • Relax
      Try to relax, and smile naturally whenever the opportunity arises. 
    • Manage Your Nerves
      Being excessively nervous can damage your ability to respond appropriately in a job interview. The interviewers usually expect, and discount, your nervous ticks, but best to keep your nerves under control.
      Most of us are more klutzy when we are nervous, so do your best to manage your nerves:
    • Be Calm
      Remind yourself that this isn't a life-threatening situation. Try to remain calm.
    • Don't Rush
      Don’t hurry your movements. Consciously slowing your body movements will lessen the chances of knocking things over and demonstrates a more self-controlled professional.
    • Breathe
      When we are nervous we forget to breathe, which leads to oxygen deprivation, and that screws up your ability to think and to express yourself. Remember to breathe!
    Strengthen Positive Impressions
    Use mirroring techniques to reproduce the positive signals your interviewer sends.
    Say the interviewer leans forward to make a point. A moment later, you lean forward slightly too, signaling that you don’t want to miss a word.
    This can seem contrived at first, but observe people at work and in your social circle and you’ll notice that this is a quite natural behavior.

    Your Hands Are Especially Important
    When nervous, your hands and fingers can take on a life of their own, fidgeting with themselves, your clothing, your hair, or your tie / jewelry -- NOT good!
    Keep your fidgeting to a minimum.
  • Don't Touch!
    If in the interviewer's office, never touch anything on their desk. That would be an invasion of personal space.
  • Be Prepared to Take Notes
    It’s a good idea to take a folder with pad and pen. This makes a much better impression than using your phone or iPad, something many interviewers object to. The pad and pen routine also says that you are paying attention and having both hands occupied lessens the chance of doing something dreadful like picking your nose.
Also, consider:
  • Display Open Palms
    Subtly exposing your palms now and then as you speak, can help demonstrate that you are open, friendly, and have nothing to hide. You can observe this habit used to great effect by politicians and television talk show hosts.
  • Don’t Rush to Answer
    When asked a question, pause for a second to show you are considering the question. It can, very occasionally, be beneficial to “steeple” your fingers for just a few moments as you consider a question or when you first start to talk. That will be seen as a natural demonstration of your thoughtfulness. Steepling also offers a change from holding your pad and pen, while giving you something constructive to do with your hands.

Negative Body Language to Avoid
You need to avoid sending negative signals that can lessen your chances of a job offer with body language that can imply you are defensive, withholding or perhaps being less than truthful.
Interviews bring out your insecurities, and those aren’t messages you want to send at an interview.
  • Don't Touch Your Face
    Moving your hands toward a personal feature that you perceive as deficient, this is a common unconscious reaction to stress. A man with thinning hair, for example, may unconsciously put his hand to his head. Such protective movements are likely to be perceived —- if only on a subliminal level —- as an acknowledgment of low self-esteem.
  • Don't Remove Lint
    Picking at probably invisible bits of fluff on your clothing. This gesture looks exactly like what it is -- a nervous tic. If you do have a bit of lint somewhere on your clothing, just forget about it or ignore it until it can be removed it discreetly. Better, remove the lint before the interview.
  • Don't Adjust Your Clothing
    Showing insecurity by constantly adjusting your tie or other items of dress. When a man is being interviewed by a woman, the tie gesture can be interpreted as displaying something beyond a businesslike interest in the interviewer.
  • Avoid Looking Angry or Aggressive
    Slouching in your chair, with hands in pockets or thumbs in belt, brands you as insolent and aggressive (think of a teenage boy in the principal's office). When this error is made in the presence of an interviewer of the opposite sex, it carries negative sexually aggressive overtones as well.
  • Don't Make Defensive Moves
    Pulling your collar away from your neck or touching your nose is interpreted as defensive and a sign that you could be withholding something. The same goes for scratching your neck before, during, or after your response to a question.
Manage the impressions your body sends in job interviews to be the most impressive you can be. 

Bottom Line
Observe others, and you will see the signals being sent by body language. You will absorb and integrate these ideas more quickly when you start taking notice of body language in action, by observing colleagues, friends, and family. As you come to understand body language in others, you’ll be more aware of your own, and more capable of controlling the messages your body sends
How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips

How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips

March 24, 2019 Add Comment
How to Leverage Body Language in Interviews | Job Interview Tips
All species communicate with body language, and as humans we developed this communication skill before speech.
Everyone constantly gathers information from visual clues in all interactions, both consciously and unconsciously.
When a person's body language agrees with their spoken word, we believe what is being said.
Body Language vs. Spoken Words = Misgivings When the body language doesn’t match what is being said… questions are raised.
Misgivings unconsciously sent during a job interview can keep a candidate from making the final cut. The interviewer may or may not be aware of what is causing his or her concerns, but you should recognize that the messages your body sends have real impact on your candidacy.
Because job interviews are naturally stressful, it’s smart to be a master of good body language and be able to manage any negative body language a stressful situation might induce.
Let’s focus on a handful of positive body language signals that reinforce one another and then address some movements you’ll want to avoid.
First Impressions Are Critical
The impression you create in the first few minutes of meeting someone is the most lasting.
Have Good Posture
In interviews, the interviewer often does most of the talking in those first minutes, so, it’s up to your body language to help make a good first impression:
  • Stand Tall
    Stand tall, with good posture, and walk slowly as you enter the room.
  • Give a Friendly Greeting
    On greeting your interviewer, make eye contact, smile and mimic the interviewer’s lead as you respond to greeting and handshake -- same response to greeting, same hand pressure, etc.
  • Sit Upright
    As you sit, get your butt well back in the chair. This allows the chair back to help you sit upright, and stops you slouching. The slight forward tilt the chair gives your body makes a more alert and attentive impression. Build on this by unbuttoning your jacket as you sit down (“I have nothing to hide.”).
  • Maintain Good Eye Contact
    • Keep your head up and maintain eye contact a good portion of the time, especially when the interviewer is speaking and when you reply. This means nearly all the time, but, since constant eye contact is seen as staring and aggressive, triangulate between eyes, mouth, and chin. It is especially important to keep your focus above the shoulder line.
    • Relax
      Try to relax, and smile naturally whenever the opportunity arises. 
    • Manage Your Nerves
      Being excessively nervous can damage your ability to respond appropriately in a job interview. The interviewers usually expect, and discount, your nervous ticks, but best to keep your nerves under control.
      Most of us are more klutzy when we are nervous, so do your best to manage your nerves:
    • Be Calm
      Remind yourself that this isn't a life-threatening situation. Try to remain calm.
    • Don't Rush
      Don’t hurry your movements. Consciously slowing your body movements will lessen the chances of knocking things over and demonstrates a more self-controlled professional.
    • Breathe
      When we are nervous we forget to breathe, which leads to oxygen deprivation, and that screws up your ability to think and to express yourself. Remember to breathe!
    Strengthen Positive Impressions
    Use mirroring techniques to reproduce the positive signals your interviewer sends.
    Say the interviewer leans forward to make a point. A moment later, you lean forward slightly too, signaling that you don’t want to miss a word.
    This can seem contrived at first, but observe people at work and in your social circle and you’ll notice that this is a quite natural behavior.

    Your Hands Are Especially Important
    When nervous, your hands and fingers can take on a life of their own, fidgeting with themselves, your clothing, your hair, or your tie / jewelry -- NOT good!
    Keep your fidgeting to a minimum.
  • Don't Touch!
    If in the interviewer's office, never touch anything on their desk. That would be an invasion of personal space.
  • Be Prepared to Take Notes
    It’s a good idea to take a folder with pad and pen. This makes a much better impression than using your phone or iPad, something many interviewers object to. The pad and pen routine also says that you are paying attention and having both hands occupied lessens the chance of doing something dreadful like picking your nose.
Also, consider:
  • Display Open Palms
    Subtly exposing your palms now and then as you speak, can help demonstrate that you are open, friendly, and have nothing to hide. You can observe this habit used to great effect by politicians and television talk show hosts.
  • Don’t Rush to Answer
    When asked a question, pause for a second to show you are considering the question. It can, very occasionally, be beneficial to “steeple” your fingers for just a few moments as you consider a question or when you first start to talk. That will be seen as a natural demonstration of your thoughtfulness. Steepling also offers a change from holding your pad and pen, while giving you something constructive to do with your hands.

Negative Body Language to Avoid
You need to avoid sending negative signals that can lessen your chances of a job offer with body language that can imply you are defensive, withholding or perhaps being less than truthful.
Interviews bring out your insecurities, and those aren’t messages you want to send at an interview.
  • Don't Touch Your Face
    Moving your hands toward a personal feature that you perceive as deficient, this is a common unconscious reaction to stress. A man with thinning hair, for example, may unconsciously put his hand to his head. Such protective movements are likely to be perceived —- if only on a subliminal level —- as an acknowledgment of low self-esteem.
  • Don't Remove Lint
    Picking at probably invisible bits of fluff on your clothing. This gesture looks exactly like what it is -- a nervous tic. If you do have a bit of lint somewhere on your clothing, just forget about it or ignore it until it can be removed it discreetly. Better, remove the lint before the interview.
  • Don't Adjust Your Clothing
    Showing insecurity by constantly adjusting your tie or other items of dress. When a man is being interviewed by a woman, the tie gesture can be interpreted as displaying something beyond a businesslike interest in the interviewer.
  • Avoid Looking Angry or Aggressive
    Slouching in your chair, with hands in pockets or thumbs in belt, brands you as insolent and aggressive (think of a teenage boy in the principal's office). When this error is made in the presence of an interviewer of the opposite sex, it carries negative sexually aggressive overtones as well.
  • Don't Make Defensive Moves
    Pulling your collar away from your neck or touching your nose is interpreted as defensive and a sign that you could be withholding something. The same goes for scratching your neck before, during, or after your response to a question.
Manage the impressions your body sends in job interviews to be the most impressive you can be. 

Bottom Line
Observe others, and you will see the signals being sent by body language. You will absorb and integrate these ideas more quickly when you start taking notice of body language in action, by observing colleagues, friends, and family. As you come to understand body language in others, you’ll be more aware of your own, and more capable of controlling the messages your body sends

NOTES

JOB VACANCIES

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